Meanwhile, we need to remember, AI is not expected to substitute human intelligence or personnel to lead to the complete automation of war. Instead, it is anticipate that human judgment will continue to become more difficult, distributed, and complex in military organizations.
3. Human Security:
AI can contribute a lot in human security as it has broad nature. Human security has multiple dimensions too like, economic, health, food, environment, political, personal, community etc. The Rawlsian principle of justice and even Gandhian principle of Antyodaya aims to give the greatest benefit to the least-advantaged members of society. AI is one of the ways to make it a reality. There are three constraints on human security related activities:
• the inability to know about threats in advance
• the inability to plan appropriate courses of action to meet these threats
• the lack of capacity to empower stakeholders to effectively respond
Thousands of life can be saved by addressing these constraints. AI has the capacity to manage, sort and analyze huge data sources. If this capacity is utilized appropriately to maintain human security, it can change the dynamics of international power structures. For example, since the 1990s, AI has been used to diagnose various types of diseases, such as cancer, multiple sclerosis, pancreatic disease and diabetes. AI’s ability to classify and identify images allows it to recognize patterns more quickly and accurately than people. This has been particularly true in the diagnosis of certain types of cancer. Such developments in the field of human security helped countries not only to grow their economy but also to become significant player at international level. Even India, in pandemic 2020-21, invested in human security and now is considered as world savior for providing vaccines. This has changed the perspective of the world about India.
However, AI is not yet able to reason as humans do. Plus, the technology is far from being a substitute for general human intelligence. However, as AI is dealing with humans it is necessary to provide normative guides, but these norms must be extremely explicit.
The use of AI is one potential way to enable real-time, cost-effective and efficient responses to a variety of human security-related issues. However, it should be noted that AI is not an elixir.
The use of AI is based on the qualities & limitations human and AI possesses. It is impossible to predict the future with AI, however there are some pointers, which can be adopted by governments to have safe transformation:
• The use of AI should be based on three important pillars: equitability, transparency, accountability. Universal rules and regulations have to be made at world forum.
• The government should create awareness about different types of AI. Humans should get acclimatize with visible and influential existence of AI.
• Governments should create strong relations with private institutions particularly in the field of defense for innovation and controlled development
• There is lot scope for AI in diplomacy. It has to be explored more passionately.
• The knowledge and existence of AI should not be privilege of developed countries. Smaller, under-develop and developing countries too need access of this technology.
• The result of analysis done by AI should be shared with the world.
There will be many instances where AI will challenge human intelligence. However, there has to be clear demarcation of the roles of AI and humans. To maintain balance between the two is the most difficult task. If humans can create AI, they can destroy it too.
6. https://afyonluoglu.org/PublicWebFiles/Reports/AI/ChathamHouse-2017-05 advancing%20Human%20Security%20through%20AI.pdf